A sand flea can carry diseases and transmit them during a bite. A doctor must be consulted if suspected of being bitten or severe symptoms arise.
Generally, sand flea bites are typically found on the ankles, feet and legs since they are near the ground. Most cases are likely to occur during the evening or at dawn.
Types of sand flea bites
It is important to note that there are 2 forms of sand flea bites.
- In one form, it strikingly resembles a mosquito bite and occurs if the flea feeds on blood. During a bite, saliva is injected to prevent the blood from clotting. The saliva is responsible for irritating the skin and might trigger an allergic reaction.
- Another form of sand flea bite is triggered when the sand fleas breed. The fleas burrow into the skin and remain there until the eggs hatch. You should check for swollen regions with blackened spots in the center.
In both forms of sand flea bites, it can trigger symptoms such as pain, itchiness and discomfort. If the individual is highly sensitive, a severe reaction can occur.
Once the sand fleas breed and burrow into the skin, it can cause other symptoms such as fever and even an infection.
Management of sand flea bites
If bitten by a sand flea, the following measures can be carried out:
- Initially, avoid scratching the sand flea bites. Doing so increases the risk for developing an infection.
- Assess the bite site for any breeding sand fleas. Remember that they can thrive under the skin and feed on blood for weeks.
- Apply a hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion on the bite sites to control the itchiness along with pain medications to lessen the swelling and pain. A doctor should be seen if the symptoms worsen. In some cases, an antihistamine cream might be suggested by the doctor.
- A combination of baking soda mixed with water can provide relief. The mixture is applied on the bite sites.
- An oatmeal bath can help lessen the itchiness.
- Aloe vera can be applied on the wounds for a soothing effect.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on sand flea bites is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the bites and how it is treated by taking a standard first aid course with Saskatoon First Aid.