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Discoloured Semen

Discoloured semen may differ in appearance. The typical appearance of sperm is whitish, cloudy fluid. Any deviation from this normal appearance, whether change in color or consistency may denote an underlying problem. It is important to note that semen color and consistency can vary depending on factors such as, frequency of ejaculation, age and diet.In […]


Arthritis is a disease affecting the musculoskeletal system, specifically the joints. A joint is where two bones meet that allows the body parts connected by the bones to move, such as in the shoulder, elbow and knees. Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints. It is characterized by joint stiffness and pain (arthralgia) […]

Insulin Reaction

An insulin reaction occurs usually only in diabetics that fall into a state of collapse due to hypoglycemia as a result of administration of excessive amounts of insulin or oral diabetic medications. Hypoglycemia pertains to low blood sugar or blood glucose level in the body. Insulin reaction can be used interchangeable with insulin shock and […]

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Subconjunctival hemorrhage pertains to blood found between the sclera and the conjunctiva. The sclera is the white surface of the eyeball, whereas the conjunctiva is the clear tissue that protects the sclera and the inner folds of the eyelids from external environment. The conjunctiva contains numerous blood vessels and nerves. Although small, the blood vessels […]


Pericarditis refers to the inflammation of the pericardium, the tough doubleĀ  membranous layer covering the heart which the space in between the layers are filled with serous fluid which acts as a shock absorber in protecting the heart from forceful shock or jerking. The pericardial layer of the heart functions as a barrier in limiting […]

The Dangers of Scombroid Fish Poisoning

Scombroid fish poisoning is a syndrome caused by ingestion of food contaminated with scombrotoxin. Although it may also occur in other food, it occurs predominantly in fishes. It is also commonly called histamine fish poisoning as symptoms resemble an allergic reaction that occurs after eating fish contaminated with high levels of histamine, which will be […]

Preventing Infection in the Community

Preventing infection in the community is one of the primary goal of health care workers designated in the care of a community of people. The local as well as the state public health departments share this responsibility of maintaining and safeguarding the health of people by setting guidelines and policies of healthful practices to be […]

Eye Injuries

Care for Victims with Eye Injuries

An eye injury can result in severe lifelong complications and possibly irreversible damage including permanent blindness if not treated immediately. When suspicious about the severity of a suspected eye injury, promptly seek for medical help. Foreign Objects in the Eye Various types of objects can enter the eye and cause mild to severe problems affecting […]

Emergency Care for Severed Neck Blood Vessels

Injuries involving the neck are always considered serious, regardless of its cause. Knowing first aid for severed neck blood vessels is essential in preventing catastrophic bleeding. The neck is an essential part of the human body. Aside from holding the head and connecting it to the body, it houses many vital structures such as major […]

What Are Vital Signs?

When you visit any healthcare facility, you may hear the medical staff talk about vital signs. Read on to learn more about how to take vital signs. As the name suggests, vital signs are an essential component of the assessment process. First aiders need to know how to take these vital signs. It is crucial […]