Many individuals have high blood pressure without being aware of it. Those who are at risk should undergo screening and start treatment if needed. It is important to note that high blood pressure can lead to undesirable health issues such as stroke, heart attack or even kidney problems. If an individual has high blood pressure, he/she must be aware of the precautionary measures.
Close look on high blood pressure
The blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure on the arteries during the contraction of the heart and while at rest. The 2 numbers are known as the systolic and diastolic readings.
Once these figures move over a certain range, it is considered as high blood pressure. The doctor might provide this diagnosis if the individual has several consistent high readings.
What are the causes?
High blood pressure can be brought about by constriction of the arteries of the heart, rapid beating or high blood volume.
Individuals with a family history of the condition, those who are overweight, eats an unhealthy diet or has a sedentary lifestyle has a higher likelihood for developing an elevated blood pressure. As one starts to age, there is also a higher risk for ending up with the condition as well.
Remember that high blood pressure is often labelled as the “silent killer” It is a deadly disease and can also cause incapacitating complications. Impairment to the heart, kidney disease, stroke, eye issues, fluid in the lungs, erectile dysfunction and angina are the potential complications. The individual should carefully follow the treatment guidelines given by the doctor and stick with the necessary lifestyle precautions.
Individuals with high blood pressure must make the necessary lifestyle changes such as:
- Dietary control by eating less salt, fats, red meat and increase vegetables, fruits and complex carbohydrates.
- Cessation of smoking
- Limited intake of alcohol
When medications are prescribed, some of the side effects to watch out for include dizziness and signs of low blood pressure. The drugs should be taken as instructed and on time.