A massive stroke is considered deadly, but recovery from one is possible but it is a lengthy process. A stroke occurs if the flow of blood to a region in the brain is disrupted. This deprives the brain tissues of oxygen which can cause disturbing effects. The ability to recuperate from a stroke is based on its seriousness and how promptly medical care was started.
What are the signs?
The seriousness of the signs is based on the site and size of the stroke. The usual indications of a stroke might include:
- Abrupt, intense headache
- Stiff neck
- Loss of vision or blurry vision
- Balance loss
- Sudden confusion
- Weakness or numbness on one side of the face or body
- Difficulty talking or swallowing
In serious cases, rigidity of the body and even coma can occur.
What are the causes?
A stroke occurs once the blood flow to the brain is disrupted and can be categorized as hemorrhage or ischemic.
- Hemorrhagic – occurs once the blood vessels inside the brain break, resulting to the buildup of blood in the adjacent brain tissues. This places pressure on the brain and certain parts have been deprived of oxygen and blood.
- Ischemic – this occurs from a clot that obstructs the flow of blood to a certain region in the brain.
Emergency care for a massive stroke
If a stroke is suspected, emergency treatment is required right away. The earlier the treatment is started, the better the chances of recovery.
During a hemorrhagic stroke, drugs are given to lower the blood pressure and slow down the healing. If the individual has been using blood thinners, drugs to counteract them are given since these worsen the bleeding.
Emergency surgery might be performed depending on the seriousness of the bleeding. This involves repairing the damaged blood vessel and removing excess blood that places pressure on the brain.
Emergency care for an ischemic stroke involves dissolving the clot upon arrival in the emergency department within a specified time span after the symptoms manifest. In most cases, thrombolytics are given. Aspirin is also given in emergency settings to prevent the formation of additional blood clots.