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Why congestion occurs?

Congestion is a sign of various ailments. It can manifest as a form of stuffed nose, runny nose, postnasal drip or pressure in the sinuses. Take note that it is not an illness but a sign of other ailments or a reaction to something in the environment. What is the mechanism of congestion? Generally, congestion […]

Sources of urushiol

Urushiol is present in poison ivy, oak and sumac. The chemical irritant is secreted from the stalks or leaves of the plants. Many are highly sensitive to urushiol and react with rashes and itchiness. Management of reactions to urushiol Luckily, the rashes and itchiness that arises after exposure to urushiol settle without requiring treatment, but […]

What is a tourniquet?

A tourniquet is usually the last option in controlling bleeding. It is vital that you are prepared on how to use one if needed. Tourniquets are tight bands utilized to control bleeding by stopping the blood flow to the wound. Position The tourniquet must be tied above the wound. When helping an individual, observe the […]

Heat exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is brought about by a rise in the core body temperature, usually with dehydration. It is vital to recognize the condition early and seek prompt treatment. If not treated, it can progress to heat stroke. Once the internal temperature in the body increases, the normal response is to sweat and cooled by evaporation. […]

Kneecap subluxation

Kneecap subluxation is a brief, incomplete dislocation of the kneecap from its usual site in the groove in the endpoint of the femur. Take note that this furrow is positioned amidst 2 protrusions at the endpoint of the femur. The injury typically occurs during forceful straightening of the leg where the kneecap is driven out […]

Overview on dehydration

Dehydration is defined by loss of excess fluid from the body. The body requires water to maintain its normal functions. Once the body loses more fluids than what is gained from food and beverages, an individual becomes dehydrated. In serious cases, one can end up sick and death is possible. What are the causes? The […]

What is compartment syndrome?

Compartment syndrome is characterized by discomfort and swelling due to the accumulation of pressure within an enclosed space in the body known as a compartment. This issue is likely to occur most often in the thigh, calf and forearm. What is the cause? Groups of nerves, muscles and blood vessels are in enclosed areas in […]

Bruised knee

A bruised knee results to pain and evident discoloration in the kneecap. The injury typically occurs after sustaining a direct blow or strike to the kneecap. This is likely to occur from falling onto the joint or being struck by a hard or solid object. What are the signs? Knee pain Aching sensation under the […]

What is a rectus femoris avulsion?

A rectus femoris avulsion develops if the rectus femoris muscle strongly contracts to pull the tendon and tugs away a small bony fragment from its attachment point. Possible causes It is important to note that the rectus femoris muscle is one of the 4 quadriceps muscles that crosses both the knee and hip joints. Due […]

Syndesmosis injury to the ankle

Syndesmosis is the ligament linking the 2 bones of the leg. Once this ligament is damaged, it often arises together with other ankle injuries such as fractures and sprains. If the injury is left untreated, it can lead to poor results. It is important to note that the ankle joint is supported in correct alignment […]